In mid-2012, the Tal Law, which exempted tens of thousands of Ultra-Orthodox (Haredi) from serving in the IDF since the establishment of the State of Israel, expired. In the recent elections, Yair Lapid’s Yesh Atid party ran on a platform of forcing the Haredi population to shoulder their “fair share of the burden,” while Lieberman’s Yisrael Beiteinu has been advocating that for years. The new government has pledged to phase in the draft for the vast majority of Haredi men over the coming years. But the Haredi population is steadfast against the move and the IDF is also concerned about its impact. Will this bring about the kind of social equality sought or a major civil disaster?